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Champagne

Champagne - sparkling wine manufactured by the secondary fermentation vina.Eto name comes from the name of the province of Champagne in France. Although the term «champagne» is often used sparkling wine producers in many countries and areas (for example, in California, Canada and Russia), the right to use it only to wine produced in Champagne. Under the auspices of «Mezhprofessionalnogo Committee sparkling wines» (French Comité Interprofessionel du Vin de Champagne) has been developed a comprehensive set of rules and regulations for all wines from the region. These rules are designed to ensure production of high-quality product. The regulations marked the most suitable place for growing grapes, the most suitable varieties of grapes - champagne is made from one variety or a mixture comprising no more than three grape varieties: Chardonnay (French chardonnay), Pinot Noir (French pinot noir) and Pino mene ( fr. pinot meunier). It also defines a long list of requirements that define the main aspects of growing grapes. Among those rules: pruning vine, vineyard harvest, the degree otzhima grapes. Only if the wine meets all those requirements, the bottle can bear the name «Champagne». The rules developed by the Committee sparkling wines are submitted for approval in the French «National Institute of names of origin» (INAO).

In accordance with the Madrid Treaty (1891), in Europe and most other countries in the name of «champagne» ; ( «Champagne») is protected by law as the title of sparkling wine produced in the same area of France and satisfying set for the Wines standards. This exclusive right to the name was confirmed by the Treaty of Versailles after the First World War. Even the term «Champagne method» ( «méthode champenoise», «champagne method») as of 2005 prohibited for wines from Champagne are not in favor of the term «traditional» ( «méthode traditionelle») . Sparkling wines are produced around the world, and in many places to determine your own sparkling wine used their terms: in Spain this «Cava», in Italy - «spumante», in South Africa - «Cap Classique». The Italian sparkling wine from grape varieties Muscat called «Asti». In Germany, the most common sparkling wine «Sekt». Even other regions of France are prohibited from using the name «champagne». For example, the wine of Burgundy and Alsace produces wines under the name «Crémant».

Term «sparkling wine» is used to refer to the labels of sparkling wines from outside the province of Champagne. While many countries have laws that protect the production of wine regions such as Champagne, some countries, including the U.S., are still allowed wine producers to use the name «champagne» to refer to products not originating in Champagne. In order to ensure such a possibility, the U.S. Congress passed a law specifying that the term «champagne» is «part species» (en semi-generic). Name «champagne» used in Russia and in other countries of the former Soviet Union registered in the territory of these countries trademark «sparkling wine», «Ukrainian champagne», etc. This often leads to confusion among customers about the true champagne and among some consumers and wine experts such practices are considered to be misleading.

sugar champagne varies. The highest rates - «doux» (means «dry») - precedes in order of increasing dryness «demi-sec» ( «semi»), «sec» ( «dry»), «extra sec »(« extra-dry »),« brut »(« almost completely dry »), and« extra brut »/« brut nature »/« brut zero »(without additional sugar, sometimes too dry ).

grapes for the production of champagne must be white or red Chardonnay Pinot Noir or Pinot mene (permitted, but very rarely practiced, adding a small quantity of other grape varieties, which were previously used in the manufacture of champagne). Champagne made entirely from Chardonnay grape varieties, called «white white» (French blanc de blancs), exclusively from red grapes - «white from black» (French blanc de noirs). Champagne is usually - white wine, even if it is made from red grapes, as the squeeze juice from grapes very carefully, allowed only minimal contact with the skin of the grape juice that gives red wine its color. It also produced pink wine - either by extending the time contact with the skin of juice, which will inform the blame pink, either by adding a small amount of red wine at the stage kupazhirovaniya. Number of sugar is added after the secondary fermentation and extracts ( «dosing»), also varies from «brut zéro» or «brut natural», where sugar is added, continue to species «brut», «extra -dry »,« sec »,« demi-sec »and« doux ». The most circulated brut (French brut), although at the beginning of XX century champagne was usually much more sweet.

Most of champagne - nemarochnoe, it is a mixture of grapes of different years (the exact composition of the mixture indicated on the label Only a few producers), while for the brand of champagne, produced from grapes a year, on the label appear crop year and the word «vintage» (French Millésimé).

Just a lot of well-made champagne well-known brands, such as «Veuve Clicquot» or «Mumm», acquired from the grapes, rather than grown on their own vineyards.

Organization offering a goods or service



Package Standart

ALUSHTA, STATE ENTERPRISE, SE

Ukraine, Crimea
Alushta, 3, Ivanova Lane

Package Standart

ARTEMOVSK FACTORY OF SHAMPANSKIKH WINES, JSC

Ukraine, Donetsk region
Artemivsk, Lumumbi street 87

Package Standart

KHARKOV FACTORY OF SHAMPANSKIKH WINES, SE

Ukraine, Kharkiv region
Kharkov, Lozivska st. 20

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ODESSA FACTORY OF SHAMPANSKIKH WINES

Ukraine, Odessa region
Odessa, Franzcyzkii boulevard 36

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PREMIUMVIN

Ukraine, Kyiv region
Kiev, street Mitskevicha, 8

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SEVASTOPOL FACTORY OF SHAMPANSKIKH WINES TD, LTD.

Ukraine, Crimea
Sevastopol, Portovaja street 8

Package Standart

STOLICHNIY, KIEVAN FACTORY OF CHAMPAGNE WINES, JSC

Ukraine, Kyiv region
Kiev, Syretskaya st. 27

More detailed list of companies offering a product or service you can order

e-mail: sts1872@gmail.com

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