Wine (Firm vinum) - Spirits (9-20% of the castle.) received full or partial alcohol fermentation grape or fruit & berry juice (sometimes with the addition of alcohol and other substances). Quality and color
The quality and timing excerpts wines are divided into young, no extracts, ripe, fine (Fine, ripe wines produced in certain wine regions from the same grape varieties that retain taste and aroma) and collector (wine with a long excerpt).
According distinguishing color of white, pink and red varieties of wine. And the red varieties, according to doctors, have healing properties because they contain antioxidants. Grape wine is often referred to as solar drink because it retains all the dignity of the grape berries, gathered at a solar energy. In natural wines contain different enzymes, trace elements, vitamins and other useful biologically active substances. No wonder the ancient healers often felt guilt healing [Source?].
The content of alcohol and sugar
According to Russian standards, content and sugar alcohol wines are divided into:
- dry wines - wines, prepared by complete digestion of the wort with residual sugar content is not more than 1%. (alcohol - about 9-13%. sugar - up to 3 g / l)
- Dry special (alcohol - about 14-16%. sugar - up to 3 g / l)
- SEMI (alcohol - about 9-13%. sugar - 5-30 g / l)
- Demi (alcohol - 9-12% on. sugar - 30-80 g / l)
- dry (alcohol - about 14-20%. sugar - 15 g / l)
- Strong (alcohol - about 17-20%. sugar - 30-120 g / l)
- Poludesertnye (alcohol - about 14-16%. Sugar - 50-120 g / l)
- Dessert (alcohol - about 15-17%. Sugar -- 140-200 g / l)
- Likernye (alcohol - about 12-16%. Sugar - 210-300 g / l)
- flavored (alcohol -- 16-18% on. Sugar - up to 6-16%)
wine, rich in the process of secondary fermentation with carbon dioxide, known as igristym wine. The most famous in the world sparkling wine - sparkling wine (made in the French province of Champagne).
The special wines can be attributed to natural honey guilt natural fermentation. It is moderately sweet dessert wine with pronounced honey and floral tones. Volume proportion of ethanol from 13.3 to 15.5% on. Medovoe wine - is a transparent liquid without Muti and the foreign matter light yellow or golden in color. Fragrant bouquet of wine represent the natural elements: spices, healing herbs, berries.
category of wine is a something of a mark of quality. In the French wine classification of four categories: AOC, VDQS, table wines and local wines. In a pan-European classification of two categories - quality wines produced in a particular region - VDPRD (AOC and VDQS) and table wines (combine dining and local wines according to the French classification).
More about the French classification
1. Table wine (French Vin de table). Approximately 38% of the total production of French wines. Wines, the exact location of production are not indicated on the label. Also at these wines do not specify the crop year.
2. Wines of land, or local wines (French Vin de pays). About 15% of the volume. Their production linked to the wine region. They called local wines. These wines must meet strict quality standards. Some local wine on their taste characteristics are not inferior wines AOC.
3. Vintage wines of higher quality. There are marked VDQS - Vins Delimités de Qualité Supérieur. About 2% of total production in France. Wine, tightly linked to a relatively small region. These wines must meet stringent requirements. They are sure to pass the tasting, and receive an assessment of the expert committee. This is usually wine, which are made to move into the category of AOC.
4. The wines of controlled appellations of origin (French Appellation d 'origine controlée). There are marked AOC. Approximately 35% of the volume. This highest category of French wines. The most expensive, but the most elite. Rules for the production of these wines are enshrined in a special government documents. It defines the maximum fee of grapes per hectare, planting density, minimum alcohol content, etc. Wines are subject to supervision by the National Institute of controlled name of the place of Origin (INAO ).
Each wine is produced in only one place strictly from grapes grown in only one vineyard. Sometimes happens that the grapes of only one, strictly defined part of the vineyard is on the production of this wine.
If in the name of the wine is the word Kryu, it is said that wine grapes grown on land historically better than the surrounding lots.
For technological orientation in a variety of wines need for a unified system in the distribution of various wines into groups according to their composition, properties and features typical of technology - the classification of wines. In every country that produces wine, using its own classification, which is slightly different from the French.
than the old wine, the more careful treatment it requires. For opening wine bottles used tailspin. The best way to screw. Under the rules could not pierce a cork completely. Bottles should directly unstop before spilling wine on bokalam. Some red wines after 6 years of age have the sediment extracts. This is a natural phenomenon. The process of getting rid of the draft is called decanting. Dakantatsiyu conducted directly before the filing of wine. To do this, clean decanter slightly Rinsing the wine and then slow to flow through him the contents of the bottle so that the wine is flowing on the walls. Once the draft is coming to the neck, ceases to pour wine in the decanter. To better see the approaching draft, under the neck, you can put zazhennuyu candle.
wine is traditionally served in glasses. It is desirable that the glass was of fine crystal at a high leg. In order to better feel the aroma of wine glasses are better suited severely shrinking upward. For sparkling wines and champagne are using high narrow wine glasses, as this form of glass output slowed bubbles. A glass is filled no more than two-thirds, to be able to povraschat it in the glass, appreciating the color and flavor.
Wine (Firm vinum) - Spirits (9-20% of the castle.) received full or partial alcohol fermentation grape or fruit & berry juice (sometimes with the addition of alcohol and other substances).
Quality and color
Organization offering a goods or service
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